Different Types of Paints (for House Painting) and Their Uses
Although your house is your personal property and therefore you can paint it both outside and inside in whatever color you want, the situation is not that simple when it comes to the type of paint you will use for a certain painting project.
There are hundreds of different paints and their brands that are found on the store shelves and it can be a little bit confusing how to choose the right one in order to potentially prevent a time and money consuming mistakes. For example, it’s not the same if you want to paint an interior or exterior of the house, basement or bedroom. A choice can also depend on the materials you are going to paint because sometimes you can’t even use the same types of paint for different materials such as walls, metal, or glass.
Here you can find some general and common types of paints for house painting according to their ingredients and purposes.
Primers are also known as the sealers. They are not exactly the paints but rather the basis or undercoating whose role is to aggregate the materials and at the same time to clean the surface from dust, smoke, fat, and other impurities. It is not obligatory to use these coatings in every painting project, but if you’re working on unfinished walls, be sure to apply a coat of primer before you begin painting. Use the latex-based primer if you plan to use the latex paint. Oil-based primer works well with oil-based paints. The substrate is purchased in a pack of 1 liter or larger packs and diluted with water in a proportion of 1:9. After applying the substrate with a brush or roller, it takes about 45 minutes or the entire hour to dry.
Oil-based, Water-based and Latex House Paint
Nowadays, due to many improvements in their quality they can be used both for exterior and interior painting.
Oil-based paint is more durable, but it takes longer to dry, and cleaning up needs turpentine or paint thinner (mineral spirits). They are made with either alkyd (synthetic) or linseed (natural) oils. Alkyd paint is more common because it is less expensive and tougher. Oil-based paint is good for trim work because it takes more abuse over time than walls do.
Latex paint is used as the generic term for all non-oil-based paints. It is easier to work with and dries more quickly, but it isn’t quite as durable as oil-based paint. Latex is good for general painting projects such as walls and ceilings.
Some painting experts say that a water-based paint is the best option for the average do-it-yourself homeowner because it retains a smooth and uniform appearance for years. Real benefits of using water-based paint could include improved adhesion performance, mold and mildew resistance, and low VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) emissions. Other important advantages, especially when they are used for external walls are shorter dry time, better coverage, and easier clean-up.
Acrylic paint is another name for one of the finest kind of water-based paint, with the addition of acrylic as the binding agent. Due to its characteristics, the acrylic paint for walls and wood is recommended for areas requiring a high physical resistance of the walls and their maintenance. The color doesn’t yellow over the time and it is resistant to steam and condensation, so it is recommended for kitchens and bathrooms. Acrylic paint for walls and wood in most cases doesn’t require a backing. They are not only resistant to wiping with the wet cloth, they are also resistant to weaker detergents so that the painted wall can be washed over many times. They leave a very small tuff, almost imperceptible, especially when the microfiber is applied to the rollers. It is also possible to apply the paint to the compressor on the wall. In that case, there are no tuffs, and the walls look especially beautiful and are almost ideally flat.
The paint comes in a number of different finishes, from flat to high gloss. Some paints also contain enamel, an additive that makes the dried surface harder and less porous. There are four basic sheens which show the amount of light reflected by the surface of a paint finish: flat (matte finish), satin (eggshell finish), semi-gloss and gloss. They can also be divided into two groups: those that serve for a more beautiful and attractive decoration of space and the walls and long-lasting, durable finishes that will reduce heat loss, and sound transfer and provide years without any trouble with their maintenance.
Specialty House Paints
These are modern formulated paints that can be used for a specific task in certain situations. For example, anti-mold or anti-mildew, fire retardants, anti-condensation, and sound-reducing paints. If you have problems with one of these things, you can surely try to get one of the above paint types for interior or exterior walls, but you can also use almost all good-quality paints because they will perform well in all domestic situations as long as they are used with the right primer and applied on the surface they are designed for.
Eco-friendly colors might be put in this group as well. Ecological, vapor-permeable, and in most cases water-based paints are made for healthier life without containing dangerous chemicals and vapors. Within a brand new concept of color-production that is compliant with eco-standards, harmful ingredients have been ejected and replaced by a much healthier for the humans and environment.
For the space editing, together with your imagination and creativity, it is also very significant to select the appropriate material which is going to be used. Innovations in the industry of technology provide new possibilities for combining and literally playing in the design and decoration of wall surfaces. Do not forget that the choice of the right color and paint type is only the first, but probably the most important, step on that adventurous road.